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Guidelines For Site Selection And Tree Planting in Cambodia
CONTENTS
  Page No.
Foreword i
Acknowledgements ii
Executive Summary iii
Abbreviations iv
PART I – GUIDELINES FOR SITE SELECTION  
1. Introduction 1
2. Purpose and Scope of the Guideline 1
3. Experiences of Tree Planting 2
4. The Cambodian Context 3

 

4.1 Root Causes of Forest Loss and Degradation 3

 

4.2 Tree Planting Programmes 3

 

4.3 Policy Support for Tree Planting 4
5. Approaches to Tree Planting 5


5.1 Rehabilitation of Degraded and Secondary Forests 5


5.2 Community Based Tree Planting Activities 6
5.3 Establishment of Large Scale Plantations 6

 

  5.3.1 Monoculture Plantations 7

 

  5.3.2 Mixed Species Plantations 8

 

5.4 Farm Forestry 8
6. Procedures for the Identification of Priority Areas for Tree Planting
9

 

6.1 Preliminary Identification of Potential Tree Planting Areas 9

 

6.2 Assessment of Land Tenure/Resource Access Security

10

 

6.3 Preliminary Assessment of Site Conditions (Pre-Feasibility)

11

 

6.4 Categorisation of Areas for Tree Planting

12

 

6.5 Detailed Assessment (Feasibility Study)

12

 

6.6 Funding and Implementation

13
REFERENCES 14
APPENDICES  
Appendix 1 – Procedures for the Identification of Priority Areas for Tree
Planting (Flowcharts)
18
Appendix 2 – Criteria, Indicators, and Priority Categories 24
Appendix 3 – Socio-Economic Factors 26
Appendix 4 – Standard Criteria Checklist 27
Appendix 5 – Maps 29
ANNEXES  
Annex 1– Management Options for Tree Planting and Country Experiences 32
PART II –GUIDELINES FOR TREE PLANTING  
1. Monoculture plantation 41

 

1.1 Justification

41

 

1.2 Implementation

41
2. Multi-species plantation 42

 

2.1 Justification

42

 

2.2 Implementation

42
3. Assisted natural regeneration 43

 

3.1 Justification

43

 

3.2 Implementation

44
4. Framework Species Method 46
5. Enrichment planting in logged-over forest 49

 

5.1 Justification

49

 

5.2 Implementation

49

 

  5.2.1 Line planting 49

 

  5.2.2 Gap planting 49
6. Enrichment planting in an early stage of forest succession
51

 

6.1 Justification

51

 

6.2 Implementation

51
7. Small scale plantation by individual farmers
51

 

7.1 Justification

51

 

7.2 Implementation

52
8. Agro-forestry systems
52

 

8.1 Justification

52

 

8.2 Implementation

52

 

  8.2.1 Multi-storey agro-forestry 53

 

  8.2.2 Soil erosion control with contour planting 55

 

  8.2.3 Other examples of agroforestry systems 56
9. Plantation on public land 57
REFERENCES 58
TABLES  
Table 1: Example of crop combinations
54
Table 2: Example of tree species producing non-timber forest products 83
Table 3: Example of species used as medicinal plants
84
Table 4: Tree planting and seedling distribution, 1985-2002 88
Table 5: Seed requirements per hectare for open plantation 89
APPENDICES  
Appendix 1: Species selection
60
Appendix 2: Seed procurement 62
Appendix 3: Nursery operation 64
Appendix 4: Plantation operation
68
Appendix 5: Tending the plantation 74
Appendix 6: Guideline for decision-making in tree planting 78
Appendix 7: Simple sampling for density and species of natural regeneration 79
Appendix 8: Procedure in species selection for poverty reduction 80
Appendix 9: Consolidated farmer-specified ideotypes 81
Appendix 10: Some tree species producing non-timber forest products 82
ANNEXES  
Annex 1 : Seed requirement calculations 86
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